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Burden of DKD

The renal consequences of insufficiently controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)

~40% of T2DM patients are affected by diabetic kidney disease (DKD), making it one of the most common complications of T2DM. 1

80% of the cost of managing T2DM is spent managing complications such as DKD and cardiovascular disease (CVD). 2

£26,835 the annual NHS England cost of managing one patient on dialysis. 3

The link between declining kidney function and mortality

~30% of patients with T2DM have moderately or severely increased albuminuria. 4

Kidney disease graph
“Kidney disease predominantly accounts for the increased mortality observed in type 2 diabetes 5
  1. Reference 8
  2. Hex N, et al. Diabet Med 2012;29:855-62
  3. Reference 13
  4. Bramlage P, et al. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2019;18(1):33
  5. Afkarian M, et al. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 2013;24(2):302-308